Nosebleeds can be frightening, but they aren’t usually a sign of anything serious and can often be treated at home.
During a nosebleed, blood flows from one or both nostrils. It can be heavy or light and last from a few seconds to 15 minutes or more.
What Causes Nose Bleed
The nose is an organ of the body that is supplied by several minute microscopic blood vessels & because of that, they are prone to rupture or damage very easily. Nosebleeds can be caused by environmental factors and illness/injuries.
For example – hot weather & drying of the nasal membrane usually caused by cold weather.
- Nose Picking
- Trauma To The Nose
- High Blood Pressure
- Bleeding Disorders
- Daily Aspirin Use
- Infections Such As Flu
Not Necessarily, an individual can manage the nosebleed on their own. However frequent/heavy nosebleed may indicate more serious health problems eg..Hypertension or Clotting Disorders, excessive bleeding over a prolonged period can lead to Anemia.
10 minutes or more than may indicate a bleeding disorder.
How To Manage A Nosebleed.
- Firmly pinch the entire soft part of the nose just above the nostrils.
- Sit and lean forward (this will ensure that blood and other secretions do not go down your throat).
- Breathe through your mouth.
- Hold this position for 5 minutes. If bleeding continues, hold the position for an additional 10 minutes. If bleeding does not stop, go to the emergency department.
- First you need to reassure the victim (the sight of the blood to some people can cause them to panic more).
- Sit the victim down on a chair with their head leaning slightly forward (leaning backwards is not advisable, as this may cause the blood to run down the throat and cause coughing and vomiting).
- The Victim can apply pressure to the soft part of the nostril by pinching the nostril for 5/10 minutes (help the victim if it’s a child).
- Instruct the patient to breath through the mouth.
- Let the victim spit out any blood that collects in the mouth.
- Do not insert anything up the victim’s nose.
- Do not blow the nose or pick the nose for the next 1 hour.
- Do not touch the victim’s blood without protective glove wear (Nitrile gloves), if you do not have gloves improvise with a double layer of plastic bags on both hands.
- Do not pack gauze in the nose.
- Do not stop bleeding if it is associated with head injury.
- Promote rest after a nosebleed.
- Trim nails, especially for the little ones.
- Should you pick your nose ensure your hands are washed.