Nosebleeds can be frightening, but they aren’t usually a sign of anything serious and can often be treated at home.

During a nosebleed, blood flows from one or both nostrils. It can be heavy or light and last from a few seconds to 15 minutes or more.

What Causes Nose Bleed

The nose is an organ of the body that is supplied by several minute microscopic blood vessels & because of that, they are prone to rupture or damage very easily. Nosebleeds can be caused by environmental factors and illness/injuries.

For example – hot weather & drying of the nasal membrane usually caused by cold weather.

  • Nose Picking
  • Trauma To The Nose
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Bleeding Disorders
  • Daily Aspirin Use
  • Infections Such As Flu
Are Nosebleeds  A Very Serious Problem?
Not Necessarily, an individual can manage the nosebleed on their own. However frequent/heavy nosebleed may indicate more serious health problems eg..Hypertension or Clotting Disorders, excessive bleeding over a prolonged period can lead to Anemia.

How long should a nosebleed last?

10 minutes or more than may indicate a bleeding disorder.

How To Manage A Nosebleed.

  • •Firmly pinch the entire soft part of the nose just above the nostrils.
  • •Sit and lean forward (this will ensure that blood and other secretions do not go down your throat).
  • •Breathe through your mouth.
  • Hold this position for 5 minutes. If bleeding continues, hold the position for an additional 10 minutes. If bleeding does not stop, go to the emergency department.
How To Assist A Nosebleed Victim.
  • First you need to reassure the victim (the sight of the blood to some people can cause them to panic more).
  • Sit the victim down on a chair with their head leaning slightly forward (leaning backwards is not advisable, as this may cause the blood to run down the throat and cause coughing and vomiting).
  • The Victim can apply pressure to the soft part of the nostril by pinching the nostril for 5/10 minutes (help the victim if it’s a child).
  • Instruct the patient to breath through the mouth.
  • Let the victim spit out any blood that collects in the mouth.
  • Do not insert anything up the victim’s nose.
  • Do not blow the nose or pick the nose for the next 1 hour.
  • Do not touch the victim’s blood without protective glove wear (Nitrile gloves), if you do not have gloves improvise with a double layer of plastic bags on both hands.
  • Do not pack gauze in the nose.
  • Do not stop bleeding if it is associated with head injury.
  • Promote rest after a nosebleed.
  • Trim nails, especially for the little ones.
  • Should you pick your nose ensure your hands are washed.
In Conclusion.
On the sight of blood, do not panic, nose bleeding is usually not serious.
Call an ambulance if you bleed a lot or if you have trouble stopping the bleeding (more than 10 minutes, get dizzy or have a history of blood clotting disorders).

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